Here is an interesting article from an honest Jewish Rabbi-To-Be about the connection between Saturnalia, Christmas, and Hanukkah:
Here is an interesting article from an honest Jewish Rabbi-To-Be about the connection between Saturnalia, Christmas, and Hanukkah:
To everyone concerned, please let me apologize upfront if I hurt anyone’s feelings with the following information. My intent is not to hurt, but to simply inform. Please take the time to read all the information before jumping to any conclusions. I am simply a messenger trying to convey the Truth.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes ‘God Manifest’ c. 215 BC – 164 BC) ruled the Seleucid Empire from 175 BC until his death in 164 BC. His original name was Mithridates(Named after Mithra); he assumed the name Antiochus after he ascended the throne.
Royal names incorporating Mithra’s (e.g., “Mithradates”) appear in the dynasties of Syria, Parthia, Armenia, Anatolia, Pontus and Cappadocia. Pagan royalty named themselves after the gods they worshipped.
Mithra’s holiday was celebrated on December 25th or December 26th depending on the day of the winter solstice.
Vermaseren, M. J.. The Excavations in the Mithraeum of the Church of Santa Pricsa in Rome. Brill. pp. 238–. Retrieved 3 April 2011. “One should bear in mind that the Mithraic New Year began on Natalis Invicti, the birthday of their invincible god, i.e. December 25th, when the new light …… appears from the vault of heaven.”
In modern times the winter solstice can fall on either December 21st or December 22nd.
1 Maccabees 1
54 On the 15th day of the month of Kislev in the year 145(Seleucid Era),King Antiochus set up the Awful Horror on the altar of the Temple, and pagan altars were built in the towns throughout Judea.
The year 145 of the Seleucid Era corresponds to October 168 B.C.E.-September 167 B.C.E.
1 Maccabees 1
59 On the 25th day of Kislev, these same evil people offered sacrifices on the pagan altar erected on top of the altar in the Temple.
In 168 B.C.E. the new moon of Kislev fell on December 1st and the 25th day of Kislev fell on December 25th ie. Mithra’s holiday when Antiochus Epiphanes sacrificed a swine in the Temple of Yahweh.
The book of Maccabees ADMITS that the first day of Hanukkah is on the EXACT SAME DAY as Antiochus Epiphanes kept Mithra’s holiday and sacrificed swine in the Temple of Yahweh. The only difference is that the lunar calendar does not always fall on the same day of the solar year.
1 Maccabees 4 :52-54
1 Maccabees 4
52-54 The 25th day of the ninth month, the month of Kislev, in the year 148(Seleucid Era) was THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE DAY THE GENTILES DESECRATED THE ALTAR. On that day a sacrifice was offered on the new altar in accordance with the Law of Moses. The new altar was dedicated and hymns were sung to the accompaniment of harps, lutes, and cymbals. 55 All the people bowed down with their faces to the ground and worshiped and praised the Lord for giving them victory.
In Zoroastrian/Iranian tradition, Mithra became the divinity of the Sun. How, when or why this occurred is uncertain, but is attributed to a conflation with the Babylonian SHAMASH, who – in addition to being a Sun god – was a judicial figure like Mithra.
Shamash was a native Mesopotamian deity and the sun god in the Akkadian, Assyrian, Canaanite, Hebrew, and Babylonian pantheons. Shamash was the god of justice in Babylonia and Assyria.
The Hanukkah festival is observed by the kindling of the lights of a unique candelabrum, the nine-branched Hanukiah, one additional light on each night of the holiday, progressing to 8 on the final night. The typical Hanukiah consists of eight branches with an additional RAISED branch in the middle. The extra light is called the SHAMASH and is GIVEN A DISTINCT LOCATION, usually ABOVE the rest. The SHAMASH sun god candle is elevated above all the others.
In conclusion, the 25th of Kislev fell on December 25th in the year 168 B.C.E. when Antiochus Epiphanes aka. Mithradates worshipped Mithra aka. SHAMASH.
Sadly, today most Jews and Messianics celebrate this exact same day, Kislev 25, and also use the SHAMASH to celebrate it. Although Kislev 25 on the lunar calendar does not fall on the winter solstice every year, it did so in the year 168 B.C.E. when Antiochus Epiphanes sacrificed unto Mithra. True believers should not mix anything that is associated with a pagan holiday with the worship of Yahweh.
Please again forgive me, if I seem to come across wrong, but I just want you to be informed with the Truth. The Truth will make us free. Peace and Blessings to you and yours!
*The primary root word for SUN in the Hebrew is #8121 of the Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance. It is pronounced exactly the same in both the Hebrew and Chaldean/Babylonian, “SHEMESH.” The primary root word for SERVANT/ATTENDANT in the Hebrew is #5647 in the Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance. It is pronounced exactly the same in both the Hebrew and Chaldean/Babylonian, “AWBAWD.” “Shamash” is the most popular transliteration used and that is why I chose it.
*Some things to take into consideration when calculating moon phases thousands of years ago is that it is not an exact science as NASA plainly admits on their website. “The last column of the phase table lists ΔT, the value used to convert Dynamical Time to Universal Time. The uncertainty in the value of ΔT grows large for dates in the distant past or future.” ” The uncertainty in the value of ΔT is of particular interest in the calculation of eclipse paths in the distant past and future. Unfortunately, estimating the standard error in ΔT prior to 1600 CE is a difficult problem. It depends on a number of factors which include the accuracy of determining ΔT from historical eclipse records and modeling the physical processes producing changes in Earth’s rotation.” The ΔT for the 168 B.C.E. is 3 hours and 27 minutes. Also, all the dates before 1582 C.E. are according to the Julian Calendar system. “The old style Julian calendar is used for dates prior to 1582, while the modern Gregorian calendar is used after that date.” A third thing to realize is that a visible crescent moon may be observed as early as 13.5 hours with lenses and 15.5 hours with the naked eye. http://moonsighting.com/faq_ms.html In 168 B.C.E. the new moon happened at 02:49 or 2:49a.m. on December 1st, 168 B.C.E. Being that it is possible to observe the new moon crescent in as little as 13.5-15.5 hours after the conjunction, then the new moon crescent could have been observed at sundown on December 1st, especially taking into consideration 3 hours and 27 minutes for ΔT. However, the new moon crescent would have definitely been observable on the following sundown on December 2nd being that it had at least 40 hours to mature after conjunction. This would place Kislev 25 on December 26 which is a viable candidate for the winter solstice and the Mithra holiday. Shalom!
The Brit Chadasha (New Testament) does not say that Yahshua KEPT the feast of Hanukkah.
Lets look at the KJV to see where all the confusion is. John 10 22And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter. 23And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch.
You can see that this text does not say that Yahshua KEPT anything, but simply says that he “walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch.”
Also, do some research and you will find that the words “the feast of” do not actually appear in the Greek text from which this verse is translated.
Here is an actual word for word translation of the Greek text: John 10:22-23 And occurred the dedication in Jerusalem and it was winter. And walked Yahshua in the temple in the porch of Solomon.
People assume that this dedication is the Feast of Hanukkah, but as the text indicates this was not a feast.
The Tanakh lists several dedications, none of which are the Feast of Hanukkah. See Numbers 7:84-88, 2 Chronicles 7:9, Ezra 6:16-17 and Nehemiah 12:27.
We have 2 clues to help us discover which dedication is being referred to in John 10:22-23. The first clue is that the text tells us that it was WINTER. The second clue is in the next chapter in John 11:55 when it tells us that “PASSOVER was nigh at hand.”
With these 2 clues we can now narrow this DEDICATION down to the one referred to in Ezra Chapter 6 when the Second Temple was dedicated: Ezra 6 15And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar (WINTER), which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king. 16And the children of Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the rest of the children of the captivity, kept the DEDICATION of this house of God with joy. 17And offered at the dedication of this house of God an hundred bullocks, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs; and for a sin offering for all Israel, twelve he goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel. 18And they set the priests in their divisions, and the Levites in their courses, for the service of God, which is at Jerusalem; as it is written in the book of Moses. 19And the children of the captivity kept the PASSOVER upon the fourteenth day of the first month. 20For the priests and the Levites were purified together, all of them were pure, and killed the passover for all the children of the captivity, and for their brethren the priests, and for themselves. 21And the children of Israel, which were come again out of captivity, and all such as had separated themselves unto them from the filthiness of the heathen of the land, to seek the LORD God of Israel, did eat, 22And kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days with joy: for the LORD had made them joyful, and turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them, to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel.
Also, Herod had his Dedication in the same month, Adar, as Ezra did:
Adar 12 marks the dedication of Herod’s renovations on the second Holy Temple in Jerusalem in 11 BCE. Herod was king of Judea in the first century BCE who constructed grand projects like the fortresses at Masada and Herodium, the city of Caesarea, and fortifications around the old city of Jerusalem. The most ambitious of Herod’s projects was the re-building of the Temple, which was in disrepair after standing over 300 years. Herod’s renovations included a huge man-made platform that remains today the largest man-made platform in the world. It took 10,000 men 10 years just to build the retaining walls around the Temple Mount; the Western Wall that we know today is part of that retaining wall. The Temple itself was a phenomenal site, covered in gold and marble. As the Talmud says, “He who has not seen Herod’s building, has never in his life seen a truly grand building.”
May Yahweh bless your understanding.
Brought to you by Yahweh is Truth.
It is sad to see so many believers jump out of the pan of Christian Tradition just to land in the pot of Jewish Tradition and vice versa.
QUESTION: What festival is known as the feast of lights, also known as the feast of dedication, lasts 8 days, time of gift giving, time of playing games, time for eating pancakes and a goose, time for taking off from work, time for gathering with friends and family, an ancient man-made tradition, time for lighting candles, time for gambling, time for drinking alcoholic beverages, time for decorating homes, time for feasting, time for singing carols, happens in December, time for giving alms, time for role reversing, uses a bush or a tree, and has a tradition of putting candles on the outside of the home?
ANSWER: This festival was originally called Saturnalia, but now we call it Hanukkah and Christmas.
Brothers and sisters please hear me and wake from the deception.
Read the following articles for more information:
Hanukkah – Truth or Tradition?
Hanukkah and Christmas
The Legend of Hanukkah
Chanukah: Festival of Dedication or Pagan Fire Festival?
Heathen Roots of the Hanukkah Bush
Hanukkah and Yeshua
Attractive Deception Hanukkah The Jewish Saturnalia
Chanukah: Some Disturbing Things You May not Know
Should Chanukkah be Celebrated?
Should we Celebrate Chanukkah part two?
Do not add to His words, Lest He rebuke you, and you be found a liar.
I know that whatever God does, It shall be forever. Nothing can be added to it, And nothing taken from it. God does it, that men should fear before Him.
For I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds to these things, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book; and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the Book of Life, from the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.
You shall not add to the word that I command you, nor take from it, that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God that I command you.
For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
“For I the Lord do not change; therefore you, O children of Jacob, are not consumed.
The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God will stand forever.
Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.
Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.
Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.
God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man, that he should change his mind. Has he said, and will he not do it? Or has he spoken, and will he not fulfill it?
All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.
I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, let him be accursed. As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to the one you received, let him be accursed.
Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.
Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him.
All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,
Therefore put away all filthiness and rampant wickedness and receive with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance.
Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.
Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect.
I have stored up your word in my heart, that I might not sin against you.
“Everything that I command you, you shall be careful to do. You shall not add to it or take from it.
But he answered, “It is written, “‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.’”
Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. And the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.
But he said, “Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and keep it!”
But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves.
Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar.
I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect.
The Lord is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
For I know the plans I have for you, declares the Lord, plans for welfare and not for evil, to give you a future and a hope.
I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book,
Like newborn infants, long for the pure spiritual milk, that by it you may grow up into salvation—
How can a young man keep his way pure? By guarding it according to your word.
Forever, O Lord, your word is firmly fixed in the heavens.
Be strong and courageous. Do not fear or be in dread of them, for it is the Lord your God who goes with you. He will not leave you or forsake you.”
Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom, singing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, with thankfulness in your hearts to God.
But we have renounced disgraceful, underhanded ways. We refuse to practice cunning or to tamper with God’s word, but by the open statement of the truth we would commend ourselves to everyone’s conscience in the sight of God.
The unfolding of your words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple.
Behold! I tell you a mystery. We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
This God—his way is perfect; the word of the Lord proves true; he is a shield for all those who take refuge in him.
And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.
So we do not lose heart. Though our outer self is wasting away, our inner self is being renewed day by day. For this light momentary affliction is preparing for us an eternal weight of glory beyond all comparison, as we look not to the things that are seen but to the things that are unseen. For the things that are seen are transient, but the things that are unseen are eternal.
The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John,
“Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock.
For everything there is a season, and a time for every matter under heaven:
Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be frightened, and do not be dismayed, for the Lord your God is with you wherever you go.”
Since you have been born again, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God;
And we also thank God constantly for this, that when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men but as what it really is, the word of God, which is at work in you believers.
The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned.
The sum of your word is truth, and every one of your righteous rules endures forever.
For we are not, like so many, peddlers of God’s word, but as men of sincerity, as commissioned by God, in the sight of God we speak in Christ.
Already you are clean because of the word that I have spoken to you.
For nothing will be impossible with God.”
Knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.
And the Lord relented from the disaster that he had spoken of bringing on his people.
Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.’”
In God, whose word I praise, in God I trust; I shall not be afraid. What can flesh do to me?
For the word of the Lord is upright, and all his work is done in faithfulness.
I have applied all these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, brothers, that you may learn by us not to go beyond what is written, that none of you may be puffed up in favor of one against another.
Now these Jews were more noble than those in Thessalonica; they received the word with all eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see if these things were so.
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him.
For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change in the law as well.
Do all things without grumbling or disputing, that you may be blameless and innocent, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and twisted generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world, holding fast to the word of life, so that in the day of Christ I may be proud that I did not run in vain or labor in vain.
Let them alone; they are blind guides. And if the blind lead the blind, both will fall into a pit.”
Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and do not lean on your own understanding. In all your ways acknowledge him, and he will make straight your paths.
For the Lord gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding;
Blessed are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the law of the Lord! Blessed are those who keep his testimonies, who seek him with their whole heart, who also do no wrong, but walk in his ways! You have commanded your precepts to be kept diligently. Oh that my ways may be steadfast in keeping your statutes! …
As he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters. There are some things in them that are hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other Scriptures.
He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,
The law of the Lord is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple;
The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw. Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear, and who keep what is written in it, for the time is near. John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven spirits who are before his throne, and from Jesus Christ the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of kings on earth. To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood …
Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth.
And have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator.
And it happened that while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul passed through the inland country and came to Ephesus. There he found some disciples. And he said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” And they said, “No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.” And he said, “Into what then were you baptized?” They said, “Into John’s baptism.” And Paul said, “John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus.” On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.
And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God,
It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh is no help at all. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life.
I can do all things through him who strengthens me.
I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.
Blessed is the man who remains steadfast under trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive the crown of life, which God has promised to those who love him.
And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, as he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters. There are some things in them that are hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other Scriptures.
For it would have been better for them never to have known the way of righteousness than after knowing it to turn back from the holy commandment delivered to them.
If he called them gods to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be broken—
But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction.
Jesus left the temple and was going away, when his disciples came to point out to him the buildings of the temple. But he answered them, “You see all these, do you not? Truly, I say to you, there will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.” As he sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” And Jesus answered them, “See that no one leads you astray. For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and they will lead many astray. …
Blessed are those who keep his testimonies, who seek him with their whole heart,
When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come.
And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose.
Seek the Lord and his strength; seek his presence continually!
Open my eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of your law.
This Book of the Law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do according to all that is written in it. For then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have good success.
For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
And from among your own selves will arise men speaking twisted things, to draw away the disciples after them.
Casting all your anxieties on him, because he cares for you.
And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.
And I am sure of this, that he who began a good work in you will bring it to completion at the day of Jesus Christ.
I do not endorse everything these articles suggest but provide them for one to further their study into this important topic.
May Yahweh bless your understanding.